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Tile and Stone
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Tile and Stone - Styles and Types
Styles & Types
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Uses
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Ceramic tile sometimes called white or red body tile for the clay that is used is the most common product available today. Generally all ceramic tiles are glazed and they themselves require minimal upkeep.

Porcelain tile is fast becoming the most widely distributed type of tile. It is highly compressed for a denser composition. Some have the color all the way through the tile. Porcelain tiles are hard, and can come glazed or unglazed.

Quarry tile is a tile that is generally used in high traffic situations including restaurants. It is usually very utilitarian and plain.

Stone Tile - Never goes out of style. We recommend sealing all stones.

Granite is the hardest and most impervious of all stone tiles and slabs. Most often used in the polished form it can also be honed (flat matte finish) or flamed (textured).

Travertine is one of today's most popular stones appreciated for it's rustic beauty. Travertine is quite porous. It is sold filled where the cavities are filled before sale and unfilled where grout occupies the cavities. Travertine is generally honed to a very consistent thickness. Lighter colors tend to have more consistency while darker colors will show more.

Marble is mainly sold as a tumbled or polished stone. Marble is less dense than granite and can be etched by acids such as orange juice. Marble can be plain to having a lot of movement and color.

Limestone is another rustic stone known for the fossil remains that they often contain. Limestone can be etched by acids, and is a little denser than travertine.

Sandstone is formed from compacted sand grains. Sandstone does not scratch as easily as many other stones. Color can be fairly consistent. Sandstone can be a little rougher under foot.

Slate is formed from mostly fine grained particles compacted in layers. Slates have a tendency to cleave along these layers but will cleave less after being sealed. Most of the slates used these days have quite a variation from tile to tile. Slate is porous and can be rough under foot.

Mosaics- This refers to any stone, glass, tile and metal that is smaller pieces put together often on a mesh mat.

Glass tile- The latest colors and color mixtures can be found in a variety of sizes of glass. Glass is popular as accents, backsplashes floors and walls.

Metal - Also a current hot seller these come in a variety of finishes and types. There are also hand painted metals and metal look alikes.

Durability Classification:
ASTM C-1027 describes the standard test method for determining visible abrasion resistance of glazed ceramic tile. The Florida Tile classification for durability is based upon both the results of this test and practical experience. Florida Tile unglazed products are all Class IV+.

Class 0 Generally not recommended for use on floors
Class 1 Light traffic, for residential bathroom floors
Class II Medium-Light Traffic, residential interiors with the exceptions of kitchens, stairs, landings and areas near external entries.
Class III Medium-Heavy Traffic, all residential applications. Commercial applications which are similar in traffic to residential applications. Specifically excepted are areas of prevalent circulation or turning points.
Class IV Heavy Traffic, all residential and most commercial applications such as the public areas of exhibition halls, hotels, restaurants, supermarkets, shops and schools.
Class IV+ Extra Heavy Traffic, all residential and commercial applications similar to Class IV where extra durability may be required.


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